The International Criminal Court was established in 2002 to act as a permanent tribunal for heinous international offenses including crimes against humanity, genocide, war crimes, and more recently, crimes of aggression. Unlike the International Court of Justice—the judicial branch of the United Nations—the scope of cases, jurisdiction and mandate of the ICC are extremely narrow. Given its limited function, it is not surprising that the ICC has only opened seven cases and indicted 28 people. The utility of such a court has been the subject of much debate and continues to spark controversy in political, military and academic circles.

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