The Americans had nothing to do with New Bilibid. It was built during the Commonwealth when the Philippines was already autonomous and self-governing preparatory to full independence. In working out the requirements for independence including shiftin the government's policies and facilities to independence, a more modern penal system was envisaged including building a new national penitentiary. Over the past half century there has been little to no political benefit to pursuing humane reforms in the prison system and so neither funding nor actual changes to the penal regime have been seriously attempted as a result.

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