See Also: Dangdut and Drilling in Indonesia Book Review: Islam in Indonesia Syafi'i Anwar walked across the dusty expanse of Jakarta’s Merdeka Square. It was June 1 and the Islamic scholar was taking part in a rally celebrating the 63rd year of Pancasila, Indonesia’s state ideology that promotes religious tolerance. Nearly 3000 people were already milling about and Anwar, the head of the International Centre for Islam and Pluralism, was expecting at least another 6000. Pancasila had taken on extra meaning this year amid increasing calls for the government to ban the “deviant” Islamic sect, Ahmadiyah, which believes its founder, a 19th century Indian mystic, was a prophet.
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