Can the world continue to tackle tuberculosis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) separately? According to the Global TB Report (2012), in 2011, of 8.7 million people who developed TB worldwide, 1.1 million (13 percent) were HIV positive. Approximately 400,000 HIV-associated TB deaths took place in 2011. Tuberculosis is the most common opportunistic infection among people living with HIV, which increases the chance that latent TB infection can become active, increasing the risk of death.
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