In September 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed that China and Central Asia collaborate to build a Silk Road Economic Belt that would comprise all countries within the Eurasian region.
According to Eurasia expert and China Daily columnist Liang Qiang, such a corridor would be the world’s longest economic belt, with the most potential for development, and a strategic base for energy resources in the 21st century. It is a vast region, covering scores of countries with a total population of around 4.6 billion people, equating to 72.5 percent of the human population
Today the ancient Silk Road is being rebuilt in the form of a transcontinental network of bullet trains, oil and gas pipelines, highways, telecommunication lines and satellites, trade agreements and scientific cooperation. But the economic belt also needs a cultural soul.
The authors propose the creation of a Silk Road Cultural Belt which should be focused on the disparate nations and cultures of the countries comprising the Silk Road region. The programs should focus on the developing the indigenous cultures of those nations which will have been connected, both on land and on the seaway.
The engine of the above initiative should be a Eurasian Cultural Exchange Trade Posts (ECETP), domiciled in every capital and major city of the new Silk Road. These trade posts should take the form of spacious art and cultural villages, housing libraries, study rooms for scholars, art galleries, showrooms, conference and meeting facilities, cafes, restaurants and hotels along with art fashion and media studios to facilitate excitement, experience and interaction between scholars and artists and anybody else interested.
The programs should include art and research scholarships, conferences, presentations, exhibitions, media events and public culture dissemination. The culture and history of the nations of the New Silk Road should be researched and promoted by the Eurasian Cultural Exchange Trade Post. Confidence, self-esteem and generosity towards each other would then develop in an open and inclusive atmosphere.
The Eurasian Cultural Exchange Trade would work on the premise that diversity is strength and not weakness, and that cooperation evolves from the appreciation and understanding of each other’s culture. This is the necessary new paradigm for the Eurasia of the 21st century and beyond.
In this regard, one must bear in mind that the ancient Silk Road was not only a road for commodity exchange. The burgeoning economy along the Silk Road was made possible by the mutual appreciation of each other’s culture and artifacts. Cultural understanding and interaction was the very base which sustained and enhanced the trade and economies within the belt and acted as a unifying force for Asia. The ancient Silk Road was the road of commodities, but it was as much as the road of ideas, art, cultures, spiritual teachings, scholarly knowledge, medicine and gastronomy.
A new scholarly understanding of the different cultures, their intricate connection and often shared roots would bring the nations of Eurasia closer to each other. A new, heartfelt and sincere artistic expression nurtured by the rich cultural inspiration of the Silk Road traditions would make the precious knowledge and experience of many generations available for modern thought and action.
Scholars and artists with vision would together surely find many keys and focal points to map out the road towards an enhanced Asian cultural understanding, and mutual prosperity.
Everything that exists and created by humans has to exist first in the mind to become an idea and thought, which can be followed by action and accomplishment. Scholarship and art can conceive, create and communicate ideas and thoughts for actions and accomplishments. Imagination is the key to innovation.
Eurasian nations, we believe, would, in this way, come to recognize what is common, everlasting and beautiful within each culture of the vast Eurasian continent.
The paramount goal should be for the different cultures to be inspired by each other to find and cultivate their common roots and values, to appreciate each other’s specialties and differences.
It is envisioned that as a result, understanding and relationships would deepen between the participating people and their nations. The Eurasian Cultural Belt should become the focal point and radiating source of a new consciousness for the reemerging New Silk Road which we believe will be a key factor in 21st Century coexistence.
If we want to have the blessings and opportunities that will come with a renewed Eurasian consciousness, we need to rebuild this consciousness on solid ground, cemented by art, scholarship and culture. Surely, economics and politics would follow.
While the people of the world are often divided by political and economic interests, the authors believe that it would be possible for people to communicate more effectively with one another and to form a true brotherhood through culture exchange and mutual appreciation.
Music, dance, the fine arts, fashion and gastronomy have a strong attraction for people, and can often be easily shared and appreciated. In other words, culture can bring people together.
It is also important that through culture people can often come to know one another. The soul of a people, their innermost nature, is expressed in their fine art, music, dance and gastronomy. Scholarship, art and economy go hand in hand, they are interdependent and are able to either nurture or destroy each other. Regarded as a whole, they need to be brought into harmony. Otherwise, destructive forces can emerge to threaten the achievements of humanity.
The facilitation of cultural understanding through scholarship and art should the primary goal of The Eurasian Cultural Belt. This would make Eurasian Cultural Belt conferences and exhibitions of the New Silk Road unique events, where scholars and artists, the leaders of culture, economy and politics can find new tools and comprehensive approaches for their own work.
This is the necessary new paradigm for the Eurasia of the 21st century and beyond. According to Charles Darwin, those that survive are not the strongest, or smartest but those who are able to adapt to changing environments. Otherwise domination, colonization, division, strife and slavery will dominate the next century within the current paradigms we know, in the midst of environmental and social deterioration.