The Philippines lives in a kind of extended déjà vu: yellow flags
bearing the images of a fallen hero and his widow flutter on Manila's
boulevards reminding Filipinos of a groundbreaking event almost 25
years ago that would shape the country's future.
face is that of Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr., the assassinated rival of
a dictator, with his famous battle cry, "The Filipino Is Worth Dying
For." His widow Corazon would be proclaimed president in a people power
revolt to restore a fragile democracy. Her death from cancer last
August brought about a twist in the scenario for the upcoming
presidential elections with her only son now seeking the presidency.
Hence the return of the yellow banners.
Benigno Aquino III,
commonly known as "Noynoy," is a lackluster senator whose record for
political acumen and oratorical brilliance hardly matches that of his
legendary father, whose political instincts and charisma were rivaled
only by his nemesis, the late President Ferdinand Marcos.
with the dictator long gone and Ninoy and Cory dead, it seems that the
Aquino family's hold on the nation's political life is destined to
Nonoy is leading the polls with an average 44
percent approval rating, a high mark by local standards, largely on the
afterglow of his mother's death and the outpouring of Filipinos in the
streets in honor of a woman whose legacy of sacrifice has been embraced
as a quasi-religious act by the largely Catholic country. Analysts see
Nonoy benefitting from his mother's legacy of honesty and morality.
Never mind his record in the Senate.
"People, especially the
poor, always feel that no matter who is in power, their lives do not
get any better, so they decide on feelings, on what appeals to them as
honest, and that's good enough" says Antonio Abaya, who runs a research
outfit that advises local political candidates.
between what is happening today and what took place in the past is also
reflected in public desperation to get the current tenant of the
presidential palace out. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo has been in power for
nine years. According to most polls, people have had enough, and they
see similarities between her tenure and earlier corrupt and badly
managed administrations. With Arroyo perceived as someone who clings to
the top at all cost, there is always talk of a worst-case scenario in
which she refuses to leave.
Not a few political commentators
have raised the possibility of an election failure that might be
triggered by the Philippines' new election computers breaking down
since this election will mark the first shift from manual to automated
voting. If this happens, they warn, it could lead to unrest and a
breakdown of order, which in turn could provoke the establishment of a
Arroyo's national security adviser
once spoke of a "transitional revolutionary government" that, in his
view, would get the country out of its perpetual morass. He even called
the Supreme Court chief justice into a secret meeting on the matter,
which they later denied took place. Rather than censuring him, the
president appointed him to be secretary of national defense – a move
that was seen as politicizing the armed forces.
the scene unfold are wary not so much of the military, where senior
officers are said to be professional, but of the national police, whose
key commanders are being replaced by those loyal to the president in
quick succession, as if there was a rush to beat the deadline for
promotions before the polls. Likewise, the elite unit of the police's
Special Action Force has been beefed up gradually in previous months,
to five battalions.
If there were to be such a takeover
scenario, "the military does not need to be brought into the picture,"
says a former military general. "All you need is the police to secure
vital installations in the city [Metro Manila]."
A survey by
Social Weather Stations, a prominent polling outfit, says the public is
nervous about computerized voting (which is meant to lessen cheating).
Nearly half of respondents said if something goes wrong "people power
will probably happen" of the kind that booted out Marcos in 1986 and
put Cory into power; and in 2001 installed then-Vice President Arroyo
in power after Joseph Estrada was shown the door. Both events were
backed by the military, with the latter being little more than a
The fears of the past always seem to keep the
country from moving forward. The president herself is in "panic mode"
over past actions, says a former cabinet adviser. Her fear, he says,
has to do with keeping herself out of jail when a new administration
comes in that might finally look into all the alleged shady deals that
have plagued her government.
Arroyo's best-case scenario is to
run for a seat in Congress, which she has said she would do. For her it
would mean retaining her political clout and hopefully gathering the
strength of her allies in the lower House where she might, by a stroke
of luck and perseverance, push for the parliamentary form of government
that many analysts, dealmakers and theorizers seem to think is the
answer to the weakness of Philippine democracy.
Noynoy's possible victory could put Arroyo in a bind: those in his
circle are the same people who helped install Arroyo in power and later
left her government in disgust. They might not be so forgiving of her
as she was with her predecessor, whom she pardoned from charges of
The Philippines has become conditioned to see
history as a soap opera with a repetitive plot and familiar characters.
Meanwhile, the population keeps growing (past 90 million now) under
severe strain and the economy holds up, barely, on the remittances of
overseas workers. It is estimated that remittances could rise to US$18
billion this year, contributing to a small rise in GDP despite the
slump in the world market. Election-related spending, which could cost
US$100 million for those seeking the highest office, could also give
the economy a kick.
Inching closer to the lead in the polls,
however, is another senator, Manuel Villar, a business tycoon who harps
on the poverty of his childhood (as opposed to Aquino's landed-gentry
roots). He appeals to Filipinos living in a perpetual cycle of
difficulty and upheaval.
So it is Villar's self-made man
versus Noynoy's yellow flag of memory, with Arroyo's dark shadow just
offstage. More drama for Filipinos and still no idea of how we move